Whitney, Amos

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b. 8 October 1832 Biddeford, Maine, USA
d. 5 August 1920 Poland Springs, Maine, USA
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American mechanical engineer and machine-tool manufacturer.
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Amos Whitney was a member of the same distinguished family as Eli Whitney. His father was a locksmith and machinist and he was apprenticed at the age of 14 to the Essex Machine Company of Lawrence, Massachusetts. In 1850 both he and his father were working at the Colt Armory in Hartford, Connecticut, where he first met his future partner, F.A. Pratt. They both subsequently moved to the Phoenix Iron Works, also at Hartford, and in 1860 they started in a small way doing machine work on their own account. In 1862 they took a third partner, Monroe Stannard, and enlarged their workshop. The business continued to expand, but Pratt and Whitney remained at the Phoenix Iron Works until 1864 and in the following year they built their first new factory. The Pratt \& Whitney Company was incorporated in 1869 with a capital of $350,000, Amos Whitney being appointed General Superintendent. The firm specialized in making machine tools and tools particularly for the armament industry. Pratt \& Whitney was one of the leading firms developing the system of interchangeable manufacture which led to the need to establish national standards of measurement. The Rogers-Bond Comparator, developed with the backing of Pratt \& Whitney, played an important part in the establishment of these standards, which formed the basis of the gauges of many various types made by the firm.
Amos Whitney was made Vice-President of Pratt \& Whitney Company in 1893 and was President from 1898 until 1901, when the company was acquired by the Niles- Bement-Pond Company: he then remained as one of the directors. He was elected a Member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in 1913.
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Further Reading
J.W.Roe, 1916, English and American Tool Builders, New Haven; reprinted 1926, New York, and 1987, Bradley, Ill. (describes the origin and development of the Pratt \& Whitney Company).
RTS

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Whitney, Amos — born Oct. 8, 1832, Biddeford, Maine, U.S. died Aug. 5, 1928, Portland, Maine U.S. manufacturer. He was apprenticed at age 13. In 1860, with Francis Pratt, he founded the firm of Pratt & Whitney, originally to manufacture thread spoolers. It later …   Universalium

  • Whitney, Amos — (8 oct. 1832, Biddeford, Maine, EE.UU.–5 ago. 1928, Portland, Maine). Fabricante estadounidense. Fue aprendiz a la edad de 13 años. En 1860 fundó con Francis Pratt la empresa Pratt & Whitney, originalmente para fabricar carretes de hilo, la cual… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Amos — amos, as (del lat. «ambos»; ant.) adj. y pron. pl. *Ambos. * * * amos, mas. (Del lat. ambos). adj. pl. desus. ambos. * * * (as used in expressions) Alcott, (Amos) Bronson …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Whitney — Whitney, William Dwight ► Monte del SO de E.U.A., en el estado de California, pico culminante de Sierra Nevada; 4 418 m. * * * (as used in expressions) Morrow, Dwight W(hitney) Whitney, Amos Whitney, Eli Whitney, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, John …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Amos — /ay meuhs/, n. 1. a Minor Prophet of the 8th century B.C. 2. a book of the Bible bearing his name. 3. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning burden. * * * I flourished 8th century BC Earliest Hebrew prophet (one of the 12 Minor Prophets)… …   Universalium

  • Whitney — /hwit nee, wit /, n. 1. Eli, 1765 1825, U.S. manufacturer and inventor. 2. John Hay, 1904 82, U.S. diplomat and newspaper publisher. 3. Josiah Dwight, 1819 96, U.S. geologist. 4. William Dwight, 1827 94, U.S. philologist and lexicographer… …   Universalium

  • Amos Whitney — (October 8, 1832 ndash; August 5, 1920) was a mechanical engineer and Connecticut inventor. Born in Biddeford, Maine, in 1860 he partnered with Francis Pratt to organize the Pratt Whitney company to manufacture machine tools, tools for the makers …   Wikipedia

  • Whitney (surname) — Whitney is an Old English surname that derives from the location of Whitney in Herefordshire, England. It was first mentioned in the Domesday Book with the spelling Witenie. The most plausible meaning for the name is White Water , from the Anglo… …   Wikipedia

  • Pratt & Whitney — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pratt. Pratt Whitney Création 1925 Siège social …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arthur Amos Noyes — Born 13 September 1866(1866 09 13) Newburyport, Massachusetts …   Wikipedia

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